Infographics based on the results of the IPCC's Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate


In September 2019 the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change published a special report that describes the effects of the climate change on oceans, ice and snow. Nature and humans are also impacted by the observed and projected changes in ocean temperature, sea level, ice sheets, and sea ice. The Finnish Meteorological Institute and the Ministry of the Environment have produced infographics based the results of the report. Images can be freely used by the public and the media.

IPCC’s "Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate” (SROCC) examines the observed and projected changes in oceans and cryosphere. The word “cryosphere” describes the snow covered and frozen components of the Earth system, including seasonal and permanent snow cover, ice sheets and glaciers, sea ice, ice on lakes and rivers as well as permafrost and seasonally frozen ground.

Note: When using the infographics, please cite the Finnish Meteorological Institute, the Finnish Ministry of the Environment, and as references. 

The complete set of the infographics can be downloaded as a PDF file, and the individual images are also available in PNG format. To enlarge a single image in your browser: right-click the image and select “Open image in New Tab”.

The complete set of the infographics in one PDF file

Individual infographics in PNG format

Figure 1. Sea levels will rise 28–110 cm by the end of the century.

Figure 2. Sea levels will continue to rise for centuries.

Figure 3. Oceans are getting warmer.

Figure 4. The sharp increase in global ocean temperatures will continue.

Figure 5. Climate change affects ecosystems in tropical oceans.

Figure 6. Ice is melting faster than new ice is being formed.

Figure 7. Significant changes are taking place in polar and mountain regions.

Figure 8. Sustainable development requires urgent global action in mitigating and adapting to climate change.

Figure 9. Regional sea level is impacted by multiple factors.

 References: [1]