Traffic and streets – Mitigation
Approximately a fifth of the Finnish greenhouse gas emissions are produced by traffic, mainly road traffic. By reducing traffic, promoting the use of public transportation and bicycle and pedestrian traffic and favouring energy efficient and low emission technology, traffic emissions can be reduced.
By catering for smooth and extensive public transportation connections with motivating pricing, a municipality can promote the use of public transportation. Safe bicycle and pedestrian ways that are in good condition – also during the winter – promote bicycling and walking. In addition, bicycles should have enough storage spaces in connection to stations and other service buildings.
Regional cooperation and optimisation of travel centres and routes can reduce the deliveries of goods or personnel transport services produced or purchased by a municipality. For example, in school transports or meal deliveries for the elderly, route optimisation is estimated to achieve a reduction of 20–50% in driving kilometres.
Energy-efficient transports and lights
Municipalities can emphasise energy-efficiency as one selection criteria in competitive bidding of personnel and goods transports. The same can also apply to the purchase of machinery needed for street construction and maintenance. In addition to reducing costs and carbon dioxide emissions, use of energy can be made more efficient by taking a comprehensive approach to the energy consumption of goods transport chains.
Easily adding up to 10% fuel savings, reduced emissions and costs, the municipality's own drivers and drivers of transport services ordered by the municipality can be provided training in economic driving and appropriate maintenance of the vehicle. In addition, the municipality can run campaigns to promote economic driving to its residents.
Globally, lighting adds up to approximately a fifth and, in Finland, a tenth, of the consumption of electricity. Lighting in streets, market places and squares, recreational areas and parks must begin to use energy-efficient lamps at the latest by 2015, when lamps containing mercury will be removed from the market. Already now, there is luminous LED technology available that can be used to make notable savings from the current consumption levels.